BVDFree England is a voluntary bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) control and eradication scheme for England that has been running since 2016. We analysed the test results submitted to BVDFree England by participating herds from 2016 to 2020 to assess the progress of BVD control in England. Of note, in 2020 20.0% of dairy herds and 13.5% of beef breeder herds had a positive test result, however there was no trend in prevalence of BVD test positive herds over time (see figure). The rest of our findings and continued analysis of test results in subsequent years will be important to assess progress towards BVD eradication in England. View a Twitter thread summarising the study.
NS Prosser, EM Hill, D Armstrong, L Gow, MJ Tildesley, MJ Keeling, J Kaler, E Ferguson, MJ Green. (2022) Descriptive analysis of national bovine viral diarrhoea test data in England. Veterinary Record. doi: 10.1002/vetr.1854.
We analysed survey results from 475 UK cattle farmers to investigate how psychosocial factors (altruism, trust and how close farmers feel to other farmers, vets and the Government) and factors from a behaviour change framework were associated with how farmers control bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in their cattle. Farmers used many different strategies for BVD control and many psychosocial and behaviour change factors were associated with these. Factors that were associated with farmers carrying out the most proactive BVD controls (using many control methods, or keeping their herd closed and separated from other cattle) were feeling close to the vet, lack of trust in other farmers, having enough time and money to control diseases and a understanding of how and why to control infectious disease.
NS Prosser, MJ Green, E Ferguson, EM Hill, MJ Tildesley, MJ Keeling, J Kaler. (2022) Cattle farmer psychosocial profiles and their association with control strategies for bovine viral diarrhoea. Journal of Dairy Science. 105:3559-3573. doi: 10.3168/jds.2021-21386
The COVID-19 pandemic has shown how crucial human behaviour is in controlling the spread of an infectious disease. The same is true of livestock, where farmer behaviour is critical to reduce the spread of an infection to enhance animal welfare and reduce economic losses. An ongoing concern for livestock owners is therefore ensuring they have adequate disease management procedures. However, what an individual farmer considers an appropriate way to control an infection in their own livestock may not be the best way to prevent an infection for every farmer’s livestock in the population. We describe a mathematical model combining epidemiological and behavioural elements to study the tension between individual and population-level control of livestock diseases. Applied to representative livestock systems in two counties in England (Cumbria and Devon), and splitting farmers into three types of vaccine behaviour groups (precautionary, reactionary, non-vaccination), we show what individual farmers see as an effective way to reduce infection is not the same as would benefit every farmer. The preferred response to protect every farmer’s livestock is to encourage wider uptake of reactive vaccination, whereas optimising the spatial extent of reactive vaccination for the average individual increases the chance of larger disease outbreaks. View a Twitter thread summarising the study.
EM Hill, NS Prosser, E Ferguson, J Kaler, MJ Green, MJ Keeling, MJ Tildesley. (2022) Modelling livestock infectious disease control policy under differing social perspectives on vaccination behaviour. PLOS Computational Biology 18(7): e1010235. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1010235